Chanukorn Tabtimsai, Wandee Rakrai, Suphawarat Phalinyot, Banchob Wanno
Due to the large surface area and unique electronic property, single-wall carbon nanotube (SWCNT) is being used for adsorption and detection nanomaterials, which can be used to reduce the CO pollution effect on the environment. In the present work, the adsorptions of single and multiple CO molecules on pristine and transition metal (TM = Fe-, Ru-, and Os)-doped SWCNT were investigated in terms of geometric, energetic, and electronic properties using density functional theory calculation. Calculated results display that the adsorption of CO molecule on the SWCNTs is energetically favorable. The TM-doped SWCNT are more highly interactive to CO adsorption than that of pristine SWCNT. An Os-doped SWCNT displays the strongest interaction with single and multiple CO molecules comparing with the Fe- and Ru-doped SWCNT. The TM doping on SWCNT can induce the charge transfer between CO molecule and the SWCNT. The energy gap and density of state are clearly changed when CO molecule interacts with TM-doped SWCNT, resulting in dramatic changes of their electronic properties. Therefore, TM-doped SWCNT are possibly used as potential CO storages/absorbents or sensor material for CO detection in the environment.